Leadership and Management – Relationship & Differences

Management and leadership are two words that are frequently thought of as to be synonymous. It is important to recognize the importance of leadership as an important element of effective management.

As a vital aspect of management, an exceptional leadership style is about creating an environment where each employee can grow and performs to their best. Leadership is defined as the ability to influence and guide groups’ efforts toward the achievement of objectives. The influence could come in formal ways, like those derived from the acquisition of management positions within an organization.

Management vs Leadership

A manager must exhibit the traits of a leader i.e. the manager must be able to demonstrate leadership. Leaders devise and initiate strategies that help build and sustain competitive advantages. The best organizations require strong leadership and strong management to achieve efficient and effective management of their organizations.

Management and leadership differ in the sense that:

As managers establish the structure and assign authority and responsibility, the leader provides direction by defining the vision of the organization and conveying it to employees, and motivating employees to work towards it.

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Management is focused on planning, organizing, hiring, directing, and controlling, leadership is the main component of the management’s directing role. Leaders are focused on listening, developing relationships, teamwork, motivating, and motivating their followers.

A leader receives their authority through his employees, a manager gains his authority due to his position within the company.

While the managers adhere to the company’s guidelines and procedures while leaders adhere to their senses.


Management is more science-based since managers are precise and planned, consistent, rational, and have sharp minds. Leadership is, however, can be described as an art. If in an organization, managers are needed, then leaders are essential.

Management deals with the technical aspects of an organization or job description, and leadership is concerned with the human aspect of the organization.

Management evaluates people based on their name, previous performances, and records; management evaluates people with potential which aren’t measurable, i.e., it considers the future as well as the performance of individuals if their potential is realized. If management is inactive, leadership is proactive.

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Management is based on writing, whereas leadership is more based on spoken communication.

Organizations that are poorly managed and not led meet the standards. Management, when accompanied by leadership, sets an agenda and ensures effective use of resources to accomplish it. Management and leadership are crucial to the success of an organization, as well as for individual achievement.

Manager versus Leader

Managership and leadership are two terms that can be used interchangeably. This is a false statement. The term “leadership” doesn’t need a manager position to become an effective leader. However, the manager can be successful if he possesses the characteristics of a leader within his. In the course of his work, the manager must provide direction to his employees. Managers must perform all five duties to meet objectives, i.e., Planning and organizing, staffing controlling, and directing. Leadership is an integral part of these roles. The term “leadership” is not related to management. One can be a leader due to the qualities that are in his. For instance, a leader could be an organization, class or welfare group or social group, etc. Thus, it is accurate to say that all managers are leaders. However, the leaders of all organizations are not managers.

A leader can influence the behavior and actions of others when working in a group to meet the achievement of goals that are specified in a specific context. However, the manager is a real manager only when he has demonstrated the characteristics of a leader in his character. Managers at all levels must lead groups of workers so that subordinates will follow orders and follow their direction. One is a leader the virtue of every quality that he has.

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Leaders and Managers are assessed based on:

The person can become an administrator because of their position. However, one can become a leader due to his characteristics.

The formal rights of a manager are that he has formal rights within the organization because of his position. However, rights are not granted to leaders.

Followers: Subordinates are followers of the managers. However, the group employees who are led by the leader are his followers.

Managers perform the five management functions. However, a leader also influences employees to be willing to support the goals of the group.

Need: A manager is a crucial element of an organization’s success. The leader must build a relationship of trust between the people who work for and within the organization.

Stability: The manager can be more secure. The role of leadership is only temporary.

Mutual Relationship The principle of mutual relations is that all management professionals are also leaders. But there are no leaders who are managers.


Accountability: A manager is responsible for subordinates’ behavior and performance. Leaders do not have a clearly defined accountability. The main concern of a manager is the organization’s goals. The leader’s focus is on goal-setting for the group and the satisfaction of members.

Followers: They follow their manager according to the job description. While people follow the leaders on an individual basis.

Role extension: A manager may stay in the office until they have performed their duties in line with the organizational objectives. Leaders can hold their posts only by observing the day-to-day requests of those who follow them.

Sanctions: The manager has control over the distribution and allocation of sanctions. The leader is in charge of various sanctions and tasks. The sanctions are mostly informal.